Theories were first made to build the Pukhansan-song Fortress as a national
defence measure to protect the capital from invasions,especially after the
Choson Dynasty suffered attacks from the Japanese between 1592-1598, and
from the Ching Dynasty in 1636. |
The groundbreaking took place in April 3, 1711 (during the rule of King
Sukjong) and it was completed in October the same year. The total length of
the fortress wall extends 10km and connects the rough geographical features
of Mt. Pukhan.
By the late 19th Century, the mountain fortresses were hardly used and most
parts of the wall perished or were destroyed during the Japanese Colonial
Period or during the Korean War. The walls were in part restored in the 70's.
According to the "Samguk Sagi" (or the "Historical Record of the
ThreeKingdoms"), there is a record that Paekche Kingdom's 4th King, King
Kaeru, built a fortress on Mt. Pukhan in the 5th year of his rule (in 132).
The view of the Pukhansan-song Fortress's Daenammun and the fortress wall
today seen from the top of Bohyun-bong peak, Mt. Pukhan.